The Idaho legislature has just passed a bill that would make Idaho the first state in the country to limit how much the state can burn fossil fuels.
The bill passed the state Senate and will be heard by the House on Wednesday.
The bill is titled the Idaho Energy Independence and Conservation Act.
The House version passed last year and the Senate version passed in the spring.
The new bill requires that oil and gas companies must buy energy conservation credits from the state if they want to burn the state’s natural gas, which is one of the most abundant sources of energy in the United States.
That requirement would allow companies to use the credits to reduce their carbon footprint.
It also requires energy companies to purchase renewable energy credits if they plan to use natural gas.
The House bill also would require that the state buy renewable energy and energy efficiency credits.
If they are purchased, they will be paid out of the general revenue, rather than the state budget.
The credits will be renewable for a five-year period and then phased out, starting in 2021.
In the Senate bill, which passed with bipartisan support, lawmakers passed a separate bill that requires that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) review any energy that is produced in Idaho and submit a report to the governor on the amount of energy the state is using.
The department would be able to use that information to recommend to the state government if it should require more or less renewable energy, said Sen. Rob Bergen, R-Anchorage.