The world has become a “carbon bubble”, a world of cheap and abundant energy, where climate change is increasingly a concern, the United Nations says.
The report from the United States, Britain, France, China, India and Australia also warns that the world is not yet ready for a serious response to climate change.
The report, released on Monday, said climate change poses a “fundamental threat to human well-being and security” and “the prospects for global stability are dimming”.
It also said that there is a risk of a worsening of the extreme weather events and the “rise of climate refugees”.
The report comes amid the rise of extreme weather, which can hit as early as the summer and can cause life-threatening consequences for people and property.
“As a result, there is an urgent need to protect the world’s environment from a changing climate, in accordance with the relevant UN guidelines, by increasing energy efficiency and reducing carbon emissions,” said a statement from the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) on Monday.
“The UNEP report is the most comprehensive and comprehensive evaluation of the climate-related risks to human health and the environment that has been released since 2000.”
The UN Environment Program has published its Climate Change Risk Assessment in the past but has now added climate change to the list of major environmental challenges.
The UN’s latest assessment said that the “climate risks to health and well-standing livelihoods” were increasing at an annual rate of 8%, a figure that is expected to increase by a further 5% in the next decade.
The number of people who die from the diseases of climate change was also expected to grow by 7% in 2050, from around 5.5 million people to 5.9 million.
According to the report, the “global burden of climate-induced and natural disasters, deaths, and climate-driven economic costs and losses are expected to be $10 trillion by 2050”.
The UN said it hopes the report will help policymakers to take urgent action to tackle climate change, such as limiting carbon emissions and implementing “sustainable development” to ensure people have enough food and clean water, which is the basis of many countries’ livelihoods.
“In the context of climate risks to the planet, the risks are serious, and they are growing,” said Anthony Giddens, the UNEP’s executive director.
“Climate change has profound effects on human health, society, ecosystems, and the global economy.”
In its report, UNEP said climate-change-related damages were expected to amount to $10.7 trillion by 2030, and that the global burden of damages was expected to exceed $18 trillion.
The group said that by the end of the century, climate-sensitive damage will amount to more than $100 trillion.
Global poverty rates and poverty in many developing countries are predicted to increase, with people in poorer countries suffering from poverty and health problems.
The increase in the global debt is expected “to worsen the global economic crisis and accelerate the rate of climate decline”, UNEP warned.