Hillary Clinton, who has been a proponent of reducing emissions of CO2 and other greenhouse gases, has the strongest environmental record.
She has pushed for a national energy plan that would include the development of coal-fired power plants, renewable energy sources like wind and solar, and an expansion of clean-energy research and development.
She also has called for expanding offshore drilling.
But her climate-change record has been far less clear-cut, and it’s unclear how much of her record stands up to scrutiny.
This is a series of questions and answers about climate change that focus on Clinton’s record, as well as those of the candidates.
What is the Environmental Protection Agency?
How is it funded?
How does it operate?
How much does it spend?
What are its duties?
What is its mission?
What do the other candidates think of it?
What does the EPA do?
Is the agency involved in enforcing laws?
Is it a “front line” agency?
Is EPA under the control of the federal government?
How do federal agencies interpret the EPA’s laws?
How effective is the EPA in enforcing federal laws?
Do federal agencies have jurisdiction over the EPA?
What’s the status of federal environmental laws?
What types of lawsuits have been filed against the EPA, and how are they being resolved?
What role does the courts have in environmental cases?
What kinds of cases have been decided by the courts?
Is there a process for investigating complaints of pollution and enforcement of federal laws related to the EPA and other federal agencies?
What would happen if Congress or the courts refused to take action on a case?
What kind of rules and regulations do federal laws regulate?
What steps can Congress or courts take to limit federal pollution?
What happens to cases involving federal pollution, or the EPA itself, if a lawsuit is filed?
What will happen to people who are harmed by pollution from federal power plants?
What has been done to protect the environment?
What can be done about the damage caused by coal?
What about the environment and the environment protection efforts that have been made?
What policies and programs have been passed in order to protect wildlife, fisheries, and coastal areas?
What federal agencies are responsible for regulating emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and other pollutants?
What actions have been taken to protect and improve the health of the environment, including the environment in general?
Is government regulation effective in reducing greenhouse gas emissions?
How can governments use federal laws to reduce greenhouse gas pollution?
Is carbon dioxide emissions a major source of greenhouse gas warming?
How has the economy fared under the Obama administration?
Has the economy improved under Clinton’s administration?
How long has the administration been in power?
What have the policies of Clinton and Obama been doing to reduce carbon dioxide?
Has any president or president-elect done anything to reduce emissions?
What measures have been proposed or enacted to address the health impacts of climate change?
Has there been a significant decrease in greenhouse gas emission?
How have Clinton and other climate change proponents addressed climate change in general and carbon dioxide in particular?
What should the U.S. do to reduce climate change pollution?
Where do the Republican candidates stand on climate change issues?
What did the United Nations report show?
What new climate change research has been conducted by the United States?
What environmental groups have been formed to advocate for climate change action?
What scientific and policy experts have been appointed to advise the incoming administration?
What policy proposals have been presented by the incoming Clinton administration?
The U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has made recommendations to the United State Department on climate action, but the new administration is yet to take any action on them.
What has the Trump administration done on climate policy?
Is climate change a national security threat?
Is CO2 a pollutant?
What international agreements are under negotiation?
How did President Trump and his team decide to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement?
Is President Trump’s climate policy one that would lead to more global warming?
What was the president’s stance on climate issues during the 2016 presidential campaign?
Does the Trump transition team intend to withdraw the United Kingdom from the international climate agreement reached in Paris?
Is Trump’s commitment to withdrawing from the global climate agreement a threat to the American people and the world?
What action has the new Trump administration taken to reduce the impact of global warming on the economy and the national security of the United U. S. What policies are under consideration by the Trump team to reduce CO2 emissions?
Is Secretary of Energy Rick Perry planning to reduce federal emissions of methane, a greenhouse gas that is more potent than carbon dioxide and that is currently more than 50 percent more potent?
Does Perry support a carbon tax or a carbon cap-and-trade system?
Does Secretary Perry support increasing the carbon tax?
Has Secretary Perry proposed a carbon price for U. States?
Has Perry proposed any new federal regulations to combat climate change, or proposed any specific legislation to reduce environmental